Evidence of Earlier Strata in the Talmud Yerushalmi. Diametrically opposed views regarding the composition of the Talmud Bavli can be found between Rabbi Sherira Gaon and Rabbi Shelomo Yitzchaki. According to the former, the Talmud Bavli was accumulated generation after generation. According to the latter, it was mostly composed at a later period, before which nothing was compiled. An examination of citations of Gemara made by Amoraim in the Talmud Yerushalmi itself provides clear evidence that it does indeed have earlier strata.

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